Grade 11 – Maritime Economics

September 7, 2016

Teach Yourself: Ship’s Agency operations

A very urgent message from the master of Zonnekus arrives on the agent’s smart phone at 10:30 on 21 November, and he reads it immediately : He ascertains that a helicopter is available but it only has a range of 200 miles (i.e. 100 miles on the outward flight and […]
September 9, 2016

Bunkering (refuelling)

Most ships have a conventional engine that propels the vessel, and several generators that provide electricity for the variety of electrical and electronic machinery and equipment. Some ships do not have a main engine but several generators that produce electricity to drive electric motors that propel the ship. Electricity is […]
September 9, 2016

Test Yourself: Bunkering

Section A A ship will steam from Port A to Port B, and the owner has the option of calling at Port X along the route to bunker. Distance Port A to Port X 6000 nautical miles Distance Port X to Port B 2550 nautical miles   Operating costs  $6500 […]
September 9, 2016

Bunkering – for those planning to become marine engineers

Bunkering of fuel, fuel segregation, preparation and fuel management. Bunkering large volumes of highly-polluting fuel-, hydraulic- and lubricating-oils is a high-risk activity, particularly when being received at a high rate of hundreds or thousands of tons per hour. Overflowing tanks or ruptured hoses because the wrong valves were opened or […]