Grade 10 – Maritime Economics

November 12, 2015

Containerisation Part 2

Container shipments Here are some more terms that apply to cargo shipments: Shipper : The person or company that sends the cargo. Consignee : The person or company that receives the cargo. Full container load (FCL)  One shipper has cargo in this container. One consignee will receive all the cargo in this […]
November 13, 2015

What is a bulk carrier?

Bulk carriers (bulkers) carry dry bulk cargoes: i.e. cargoes that can be handled by conveyor systems, chutes, grabs, or skips, e.g. minerals, grain, fertiliser, bulk sugar. Some bulkers carry neo-bulk cargoes: i.e. cargoes that are made up of a large number of individual pieces, but that can fill holds. e.g. […]
November 16, 2015

Types of Bulk Carriers

Capesize Bulkers Because they are so large, some bulk carriers cannot pass through the Suez Canal fully laden and are also too large for the Panama Canal. When fully laden, they have to round the Cape on voyages from Australia to Europe, hence the term Capesize Bulkers. The general characteristics […]
November 13, 2015

Bulk carriers: some historical notes

Bulk cargoes used to be carried in general cargoships. After World War 2, “Liberty ships” (a special class of ships that were built during World War 2)  and other war-built ships (known as Victory, Fort, Ocean, Park-class ships) were also used to move bulk cargoes. From the late 1950s, changes were […]
November 4, 2015

Crude Oil Tankers

Tankers are ships that carry liquid cargoes in tanks. Some are designed to carry crude oil (oil produced straight from under the surface of the earth) from the place of production to a port so that it can be piped to a refinery to be changed into useful oil products […]